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电玩城游戏大厅送彩金

2021-05-10 06:30 来源:电玩城游戏大厅送彩金 大字体 小字体 扫码带走
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根据印度卫生部5月5日公布的数据显示,该国过去24小时新增新冠确诊病例382315例,单日新增确诊病例已连续两周超过30万例。在疫苗紧张、病毒变异、医疗资源短缺的情况下,印度的疫情正在开始影响当地的各个产业。由于疫情不断恶化, 印度多地医疗资源告急,并收紧疫情防控措施。新德里自4月19日开始实施全城封锁,但居民基本生活服务不受影响。凯杰里瓦尔4月25日宣布,“封城”措施延长一周至5月3日5时。

  来自陕西安康的中学教师方华带着上小学五年级的女儿方凌轩,手捧一束菊花来到渣滓洞牢房旧址前的献花处。“把花摆放好,再给先烈们敬个礼。”方华拍了拍女儿的肩膀。原标题:下个假期马上来 端午不调休:放假3天来源:快科技今天是五一小长假之后的第一个工作日,很多网友反映时间过得太快,五天假期还没过瘾。没休息够?不要紧,马上端午节假期就要来了,而且不调休。之前五一放假消息公布后,不少网友吐槽,五天假期有两天周末,还有两天也是前后两个周末调出来的,实际上只放了一天假。图片来源:新京报网当地时间4月28日,美国联邦执法人员突击搜查了纽约前市长朱利安尼的两处纽约寓所。此事在美国引发了轩然大波。

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  ▲电玩城游戏大厅送彩金:阿娇前夫称婚姻快毁了自己的人生,赖弘国到底发生了什么?

  新干县现在有35万人,支柱产业是箱包产业和灯具产业,都属于中低端产业,其箱包产业占到全国中低档箱包的80%。箱包的利润很低,一个箱包只赚5块钱左右,但对当地老百姓来说就是个福音,因为到工厂里去干活,基本上四五千块钱的月收入就有保障,勤快一点上万也有可能。这些年村里老百姓的生活水平大幅度提高,很多人开始买小轿车。农村居民买小轿车是富裕的标志之一,因为小轿车不能跑运输,完全是消费品。跨省长线游热度高“五一”5天长假进一步刺激了跨省长途旅游的热情。请3天假休9天的方案为计划长线旅游人群提供了可能。

  “健康”地球,不是选项,而是必须。如同天文学家卡尔·萨根所说:地球,宇宙中的这一“暗淡蓝点”,就是“我们的家,我们的一切”。二.快速阅读Media Selection for AdvertisementsAfter determining the target audience for a product or service, advertising agencies must select the appropriate media for the advertisement. We discuss here the major types of media used in advertising. We focus our attention on seven types of advertising: television, newspapers, radio, magazines, out-of-home. Internet, and direct mail.TelevisionTelevision is an attractive medium for advertising because it delivers mass audiences to advertisers. When you consider that nearly three out of four Americans have seen the game show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? you can understand the power of television to communicate with a large audience. When advertisers create a brand, for example, they want to impress consumers with the brand and its image. Television provides an ideal vehicle for this type of communication.But television is an expensive medium, and not all advertisers can afford to use it. Television’s influence on advertising is fourfold. First, narrowcasting means that television channels are seen by an increasingly narrow segment of the audience. The Golf Channel, for instance.is watched by people who play golf. Home and Garden Television is seen by those interested in household improvement projects. Thus, audiences are smaller and more homogeneous(具有共同特点的) than they have been in the past. Second, there is an increase in the number of television channels available to viewers, and thus, advertisers. This has also resulted in an increase in the sheer number of advertisements to which audiences are exposed. Third, digital recording devices allow audience members more control over which commercials they watch. Fourth, control over programming is being passed from the networks to local cable operators and satellite programmers. Newspaper?After television, the medium attracting the next largest annual ad revenue is newspapers. The New York Times, which reaches a national audience, accounts for $1 billion in ad revenue annually, ii m increased its national circulation (发行量) by 40% and is now available for home delivery in ion ciues. Locally, newspapers are the largest advertising medium.Newspapers are a less expensive advertising medium than television and provide a way for advertisers to communicate a longer. more detailed message to their audience than they can through 48 hours,meaning newspapers are also a quick way of getting the massage out.Newspapers are ofen the most important form of news for a local community, and they develop a high degree of loyalty from local reader.RadioAdvertising on radio continues to grow Radio is often used in conjunction with outdoor bill-boards (广告牌) and ihe Internet to reach even more customers than television. Advertisersare likely to use radio because it is a less expensive medium than television, which means advertisers can afford to repeal their ads often. Internet companies are also turning 10 radio advertising. Radio provides a way for advertisers to communicate with audience members at all times of the day.Consumers listen to radio on their way to school or work, at work, on the way home, and in the evening hours.Two major changes—satellite and Internet radio—will force radio advertisers to adapt their methods. Both of these radio forms allow listeners to tune in stations that are more distant than the local stations they could receive in the past. As a result, radio will increasingly attract target audiences who live many miles apart.MagazinesNewsweeklies, women‘s titles, and business magazines have all seen increases in advertising because they attract the high-end market, magazines are popular with advertisers because of the narrow market that they deliver. A broadcast medium such as network television attracts all types of audience members, but magazine audiences are more homogeneous, if you read sports illustrated, for example, you have much in common with the magazine‘s other reade rs. Advertisers see magazines as an efficient way of reaching target audience members.Advertiser using the print media-magazines and newspapers-will need to adapt to two main changes. First, the internet will bring larger audiences to local newspapers, these second. Advertisers will have to understand how to use an increasing number of magazines for their target audiences. Although some magazines will maintain national audiences, a large number of magazines will entertain narrower audiences.Out-of-home advertisingOut-of-home advertising. Also called place-based advertising, has become an increasingly effective way of reaching consumers, who are more active than ever before. Many consumers today do not sit at home and watch television. Using billboards, newsstands, and bus shelters for advertising is an effective way of reaching these on-the-go consumers. More consumers travel longer distances to and from work, which also makes out-of-home advertising effective, technology has changed the nature of the billboard business, making it a more effective medium than in the past.Using digital printing, billboard companies can print a billboard in 2 hours, compared with 6 days previously. This allows advertisers more variety in the types of messages they create because they. Can change their messages more quickly.InternetAs consumers become more comfortable with online shopping, advertisers will seek to reach this market As consumers get more of their news and information from the Internet, the ability of television and radio to get the word out to consumers will decrease. The challenge to Internet advertisers Is to create ads that audience members remember.Internet advertising will play a more prominent role in organizations’ advertising in the near ftuture. Internet audiences tend to be quite homogeneous, but small. Advertisers will have to adjust their methods to reach these audiences and will have to adapt their persuasive strategies to the online medium as well.Direct mailA final advertising medium is direct mail, which uses mailings to consumers to communicate a client’s message Direct mail includes newsletters. postcards and special promotions. Direct mail isan effective way to build relationships with consumers.For many businesses.direct mail is the most effective from of advertising.1. Television is an attractive advertising medium in that_____________.A) it has large audiencesB) it appeals to housewivesC) it helps build up a company’s reputationD) it is affordable to most advertiser2. With the increase in the number of TV channels_________.A) the cost of TV advertising has decreasedB) the nuiflber of TV viewers has increasedC) advertisers’ interest in other media has decreasedD) the number of TV ads people can see has increasedhttp://www.doczj.com/doc/0631f18dbceb19e8b8f6baf6.htmlpared with television, newspapers as an advertising medium_________________.A) earn a larger annual ad revenueB) convey more detailed messagesC) use more production techniquesD) get messages out more effectively4.Advertising on radio continues to grow because ___________.A) more local radio stations have been set upB) modern technology makes it more entertainingC) it provides easy access to consumersD) it has been revolutionized by Internet radio.5.Magazines are seen by advertisers as an efficient way to___________.A) reach target audiencesB) modern technology makes it more entertaining C) appeal to educated people.D) convey all kinds of messages6.Oui-of-home advertising has become more effective because_______A) billboards can be replaced within two hoursB) consumers travel more now ever beforeC) such ads have been made much more attractiveD) the pace of urban life is much faster nowadays7. The challenge to Internet advertisers is to create ads that are___________.A) quick to updateB) pleasant to look atC) easy to rememberD) convenient to access8. Internet advertisers will have to adjust their methods to reach audiences that tend to be_____________9.Direct mail is an effecitive form of advertising for businesses to develop_________________________10.This passage discusses how advertisers select________________for advertisements.三.听力部分(10:00-10:35)四.阅读词汇部分选词阅读及完型(10:35-11:25)Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)Section ASome years ago I was offered a writing assignment that would require three months of travel through Europe. I had been abroad a couple of times, but I could hardly -47- to know my way around the continent. Moreover, my knowledge of foreign languages was -48- to a little college French. I hesitated. How would I, unable to speak the language, -49- unfamiliar with local geography or transportation systems, set up-50- and do research? It seemed impossible, and with considerable-51-I sat down to write a letter begging off. Halfway through, a thought ran through my mind: you can‘t learn if you don‘t try. So I accepted the assignment.There were some bad-52-. But by the time I had finished the trip I was an experienced traveler. And ever since. I have never hesitated to head for even the most remote of places. Without guides or even-53- bookings. Confident that somehow I will manage. The point is that the new, the different, is almost by definition –54- . but each time you try something. You learn. And as the learning plies up. The world opens to you.。I‘ve learned to ski at 40, and flown up the Rhine river in a –55-. And I know I‘ll go to doing such things. It‘s not because I‘m braver or more daring than others. I‘m not. But I‘ll accept anxiety as another name for challenge and I be lieve I can-56-wonders.A.accomplish I.manufactureB.advanced J.momentsC.balloon K.newsD.claim L.reducedE.constantly M.regretF.declare N.scaryG.interviews O.totallyH.limited阅读Passage OneGlobal warming may or may not be the great environmental crisis of the 21st century, but- regardless of whether it is or isn’t - we won’t do much about it. We will argue over it and may even, as a nation, make some fairly solemn-sounding commitments to avoid it. But the more dramatic and meaningful these commitments seem, the less likely they are to be observed.A1 Gore calls global warming an "inconvenient truth," as if merely recognizing it could put us on a path to a solution. But the real truth is that we don’t know enough to relieve global warming, and - without major technological breakthroughs - we can’t do much about it.From 2003 to 2050,the world ’s population is projevted to grow from 6.4 billon to 9.1 billion ,a 42% increase.if energy use per person and technology remain te same,total energy use and greenhouse gas emissions(mainly,CO2)will be 42% higher in 2050.But that’s too low,because societies that grow richer use more energy.We need econmic growth unless we condemn the world’s poor to their present。Poverty and freeze everyone else’s living standards.With modest growth,energy use and greenhouse emissions more then double by 2050. No government will adopt rigid restrictions on economic growth and personal freeom (limits on electricity usage,driving and travel)that might cut back global warming.Still,politicians want to show they’re "doing something"Consider the Kyoto Protoco(京都议定书).It alowed countries that joined to punish those that didn’t.But it hasn’t reduced CO2 emissions(up about 25% since 1990),and many signatories(签字国) didn’t adopt tough enough policies to hit their 2008-2012 targets.The practical codusion is that if global warming is a potential disaster,the only solution is new technology.Only an aggressive research and development program miaght find ways of breaking our dependence on fossil fuels or dealing with it.The trouble with the global warming debate is that it has become a moral proble when it’s teally an engineering one.The inconvenient truth is that if we don’t solve the engineering problem, we’re helpless.57.What is said about global warming in the first paragraph?A) It may not prove an environmental crisis at all.B) It is an issue repuiring worldwide commitments.C) Serious steps have been taken to avoid or stop it.D) Very little will be done to bting it undet control.58.According to the author’s understanding, what is A1 Gore’s view on global warming?A) It is a reality both people and politicians are unawre of.B) It is a phenomenon that causes us many inconveniences.C) It is a problem that can be solved once it is recognized.D) It is an area we actually have little knowledge about.59.Greenhouse emissions will more than double by 2050 because of ___.A) economic growthB) wasteful use of energyC) the widening gap between the rich and poorD) the rapid advances of science and technology60.The author believes that, since the signing of the Kyoto Protocol,____.A) politicians have started to do something to better the situationB) few nations have adopted real tough measures to limit energy useC) reductions in energy consumption have greatly cut back global warmingD) international cooperation has contributed to solving envoronmental problems61.What is the message the author intends to convey?A) Global warming is more of a moral issue than a practical one.B) The ultimate solution to global warming lies in new technology.C) The debate over global warming will lead to technological breakthroughs.D) People have to give up certain material comforts to stop global warming.Passage TwoSomeday a siranger will read your e-mail without your permission or scan the Website you’ve visited,Or perhaps someone will casually glance through your credit card purchases or cell phonebills to find out your shopping preferences or calling habits.In fact, it’s likely some of these things have already happened to you. Who would watch you without your permisson? It might be a spous, a girlfreiend, a marketing company, a boss, a cop or a criminal. Whoever it is, they will see you in a way you never intended to be seen - the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked.Psychologists tell us boundaries are healthy, that it’s important to reveal yourself to friends, family and lovers in stages, at appropriate times. But few boundaries remain. The digital bread crumbs(碎屑) you leave everywhere make it easy for strangers to reconstruct who you are, where you are and what you like. In some cases, a simple Google search can reveal what you think. Like it or not, increasingly we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret.The key question is: Does that matter?For many Americans, the answer apparently is "no."When opinion polls ask Americans about privacy, most say they are concerned about losting it. A survery found an overwhelming pessimism about privacy, with 60 percent of respondents saying they feel their privacy is "slipping away, and that bothers me."But people say one thing and do another. Only a tiny fraction of Americans change any behaviors in an effort to preserve their privacy. Few people turn down a discount at tollbooths(收费站) to avoid using the EZ-Pass system that can trackautomobile movements. And few turn donw supermarket loyalty cards. Privacy economist A lessandro Acauisti has run a series of tests that reveal people will surrender personal information like Socail Security numbers just to get their hands on a pitiful 50-cents-off coupon(优惠卷)。But privacy does matter - at least sometimes. It’s like health: When you have it, you don’t notice it. Only when it’s gone do you wish you’d done more to protect it.62. What does the author mean by saying "the 21st century equivalent of being caught naked" (Lines 3-4,Para.2)?A) People’s personal information is easily accessed without their knowledge.B) In the 21st century people try every means to look into others’ secrets.C) People tend to be more frank with each other in the information age.D) Criminals are easily caught on the spot with advanced technology.63.What would psychologists advise on the relationships between friends?A) Friends should open their hearts to each other.B) Friends should always be faithful to each other.C) There should be a distance even between friends.D) There should be fewer disputes between friends.64. Why does the author say "we live in a world where you simply cannot keep a secret" (Line5,para.3)A) Modern society has finally evolved into an open society.B) People leave traces around when using modern technology.C) There are always people who are curious about others’ affairs.D) Many search engines profit by revealing people’s identities.65. What do most Americans do with regard to privacy protection?A) They change behaviors that might disclose their identity.B) They use various loyalty cards for business transactions.C) They rely most and more on electronic devices.D) They talk a lot but hardly do anything about it.66.According to the passage, privacy is like health in that ___.A) people will make every effort to keep it.B) its importance is rarely understoodC) is is something that can easily be lostD) people don’t cherish it until they lose itPart V Cloze (15 minutes)Universities are institutions that teach a wide variety of subjects at advanced levels. They also carry out research work aimed -67- extending man’s knowledge of these subjects. The emphasis given to each of these functions -68- from university to university, according to the views of the people in -69- and according to the resources available. The smaller and newer universities do no -70- the staff or equipment to carry out the -71- research projects possible in larger institutions. -72- most experts agree that some research activity is -73- to keep the staff and their students in -74- with the lastest developments in their subjects.Most students attend a university mainly to -75- the knowledge needed for their chosen -76-. Educationists believe that this aim should not be the -77- one. Universities have always aimed to produce men and women -78- judgment and wisdom as weel as knowledge.For this reason, they -79- studends to meet others with differing-80- and to read widely to -81- their understanding in many fields of study. -82- a secondary school course, a student should be interested enought in a subject to enjoy gainiing knowledge for its own -83-. He should be prepared to -84- sacrifices to study his chosen -85- in depth. He should have an ambition to make some -86- contribution to man’s knowledge.67.A) at B) by C) to D) in68.A) turns B) ranges C) moves D) varies69.A) prospect B) place C) control D) favor70.A) occupy B) possess C) involve D) spare71.A) maximum B) medium C) virtual D) vast72.A) But B) As C) While D) For73.A) natural B) essential C) functional D) optional74.A) coordination B) accordance C) touch D) grasp75.A) acquire B) accept C) endure D) ensure76.A) procession B) profession C) possession D) preference77.A) typical B) true C) mere D) only78.A) with B) under C) on D) through79.A) prompt B) provoke C) encourage D) anticipate80.A) histories B) expressions C) interests D) curiosities81.A) broaden B) lengthen C) enforce D) specify82.A) Amid B) Over C) After D) Upon83.A) object B) effect C) course D) sake84.A) take B) suffer C) make D) pay85.A) field B) target C) scope D) goal86.A) radical B) meaningful C) truthful D) initialPart VI Translation ( 5 minutes )87. Our efforts will pay off if the results of the research _________ .(能应用于新技术的开发)88. I can‘t boot my computer now. Something __________(一定出了毛病)with its operating system.89. Leaving one‘s job, _____________ (无论是什么工作), is a difficult change,even for those who look forward to retiring.90. _________(与我成长的地方相比), this town is more prosperous and exciting.91. _________(直到他完成使命)did he realize that he was seriously ill2007年12月大学英语四级试题及参考答案Part I Writing (30 minutes)What electives to choose1. 各大学开设了各种各样的选修课2. 学生因为各种原因选择了不同的选修课3. 以你自己为例……Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning ) (15 minutes)Universities Branch OutAs never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries thatmove economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become more self-consciously global: seeking students form around the world who represent the entire range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers, offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative (合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America‘s best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (实习) abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity-and providing the financial resources to make it possible.Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at Shanghai‘s Fudan University, in collaboration with facult y colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu‘s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in china, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a world-class scientist and his U.S. team.As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基础设施) and applications software of the 1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully inCambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology companies have set up shop around the university.For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research-university model. Most politician recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. Universities, and a corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students. Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation‘s well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the States and –like immigrants throughout history-strengthen the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍视) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.1. From the first paragraph we know that present-day universities have become_________.A) more and more research-oriented B) in-service training organizationsC) more popularized than ever before D) a powerful force for global integration2. Over the past three decades, the enrollment of overseas students has increased__________.A) by 2.5 million B) by 800,000C) at an annual rate of 3.9 percent D) at an annual rate of 8 percent3. In the United States, how many of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born?A) 10% B) 20% C)30% D)38%4. How do Yale and Harvard prepare their undergraduates for global careers?A) They organize a series of seminars on world economy.B) They offer them various courses in international politics.C) They arrange for them to participate in the Erasmus program.D)They give them chances for international study or internship.5. An example illustrating the general tre nd of universities‘ globalization is __________.A) Yale‘s collaboration with Fudan University on genetic researchB) Yale‘s helping Chinese universities to launch research projectsC) Yale‘s students exchange program with European institutionsD) Yale‘s establishing branch campuses throughout the world6. What do we learn about Silicon Valley from the passage?A) It houses many companies spun off from MIT and Harvard.B) It is known to be the birthplace of Microsoft Company.C) It was intentionally created by Stanford University.D) It is where the Internet infrastructure was built up.7. What is said about the U.S. federal funding for research?A) It has increased by 3 percent. B) It has been unsteady for years.C) It has been more than sufficient. D) It doubled between 1998 and 2003.8. The dramatic decline in the enrollment of foreign students in the U.S. after September 11 was caused by ____.9. Many Americans fear that American competitiveness may be threatened by foreign students who will_____.10. The policy of welcoming foreign students can benefit the U.S. in that the very best of them will stay and ___.Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth ) (25 minutes)Section AAs war spreads to many corners of the globe, children sadly have been drawn into the center of conflicts. In Afghanistan, Bosnia, and Colombia, however, groups of children have been taking part in peace education 47 . The children, after learning to resolve conflicts, took on the 48 of peacemakers. The Children‘s Movement for Peace in Colombia was even nominated (提名) for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998. Groups of children 49 as peacemakers studied human rights and poverty issues in Colombia, eventually forming a group with five other schools in Bogota known as The Schools of Peace.The classroom 50 opportunities for children to replace angry, violent behaviors with 51 , peaceful ones. It is in the classroom that caring and respect for each person empowers children to take a step 52 toward becoming peacemakers. Fortunately, educators have access to many online resources that are 53 useful when helping children along the path to peace. The Young Peacemakers Campaign. The World Centers of Compassion for Children International call a ttention to children‘s rights and how to help the 55of war. Starting a Peacemakers‘ Club is a praiseworthy venture for a class and one that could spread to other classrooms and ideally affect the culture of the 56 school.A) acting B) assuming C) comprehensive D) cooperative E) entire F) especially G) forward H) images I) information J) offersK) projects L) respectively M) role N) technology O) victims Section BPassage OneBy almost any measure, there is a boom in Internet-based instruction. In just a few years, 34 percent of American universities have begun offering some form of distance learning (DL), and among the larger schools, it‘s closer to 90 percent. If you doubt the popularity of the trend, you probably haven‘t heard of the University of Phoenix. It grants degrees entirely on the basis of online instruction. It enrolls 90,000 students, a statistic used to support its claim to be the largestprivate university in the country.While the kinds of instruction offered in these programs will differ, DL usually signifies a course in which the instructors post syllabi (课程大纲), reading assignments, and schedules on Websites, and students send in their assignments by e-mail. Generally speaking, face-to-face communication with an instructor is minimized or eliminated altogether.The attraction for students might at first seem obvious. Primarily, there‘s the convenience promised by courses on the Net: you can do the work, as they say, in your pajamas (睡衣). But figures indicate that the reduced effort results in a reduced commitment to the course. While dropout rates for all freshmen at American universities is around 20 percent, the rate for online students is 35 percent. Students themselves seem to understand the weaknesses inherent in the setup. In a survey conducted for eCornell, the DL division of Cornell University, less than a third of the respondents expected the quality of the online course to be as good as the classroom course. Clearly, from the schools‘ perspective, there‘s a lot of money to be saved. Although some of the more ambitious programs require new investments in severs and networks to support collaborative software, most DL courses can run on existing or minimally upgraded(升级) systems. The more students who enroll in a course but don‘t come to campus, the more the schools saves on keeping the lights on in the classrooms, paying doorkeepers, and maintaining parking lots. And, while there‘s evidence that instructors must work harder to run a DL course for a variety of reasons, they won‘t be paid any more, and might well be paid less.57. What is the most striking feature of the University of Phoenix?A) All its courses are offered online.B) Its online courses are of the best quality.C) It boasts the largest number of students on campus.D) Anyone taking its online courses is sure to get a degree.58. According to the passage, distance learning is basically characterized by _________.A) a considerable flexibility in its academic requirementsB) the great diversity of students‘ academic backgroundsC) a minimum or total absence of face-to-face instructionD) the casual relationship between students and professors59. Many students take Internet-based courses mainly because they can ________.A) earn their academic degrees with much less effortB) save a great deal on traveling and boarding expenseC) select courses from various colleges and universitiesD) work on the required courses whenever and wherever60. What accounts for the high drop-out rates for online students?A) There is no strict control over the academic standards of the courses.B) The evaluation system used by online universities is inherently weak.C) There is no mechanism to ensure that they make the required effort.D) Lack of classroom interaction reduces the effectiveness of instruction.61. According to the passage, universities show great enthusiasm for DL programs for the purpose of ________.A) building up their reputation B) cutting down on their expensesC) upgrading their teaching facilities D) providing convenience for students Passage TwoIn this age of Internet chat, videogames and reality television, there is no shortage of mindless activities to keep a child occupied. Yet, despite the competition, my 8-year-old daughter Rebecca wants to spend her leisure time writing short stories. She wants to enter one of her stories into a writing contest, a competition she won last year.As a writer I know about winning contests, and about losing them. I know what it is like to work hard on a story to receive a rejection slip from the publisher. I also know the pressures of trying to live up to a reputation created by previous victories. What if she doesn‘t win the contest again? That‘s the strange thing about being a parent. So many of our own past scars and dashed hopes can surface.A revelation (启示) came last week when I asked her, ―Don‘t you want to win again?‖ ―No,‖ she replied, ―I just want to tell the story of an angel going to first grade.‖I had just spent weeks correcting her stories as she spontaneously (自发地) told them. Telling myself that I was merely an experienced writer guiding the young writer across the hall. I offered suggestions first grade was quickly ―guided‖ by me into the tale of a little girl with a wild imagination taking her first music lesson. I had turned her contest into my contest without even realizing it.Staying back and giving kids space to grow is not as easy as it looks. Because I know little about farm animals who use tools or angels who go to first grade. I had to accept the fact that I was co-opting (借用) my daughter‘s experience.While steeping back was difficult for me, it was certainly a good first step that I will quickly follow with more steps, putting myself far enough away to give her room but close enough to help if asked. All the while I will be reminding myself that children need room to experiment , grow and find their own voices.62. What do we learn from the first paragraph?A) Children do find lots of fun in many mindless activities.B) Rebecca is much too occupied to enjoy her leisure time.C) Rebecca draws on a lot of online materials for her writing.D) A lot of distractions compete for children‘s time nowadays.63. What did the author say about her own writing experience?A) She did not quire live up to her reputation as a writer.B) Her way to success was full of pains and frustrations.C) She was constantly under pressure of writing more.D) Most of her stories had been rejected by publishers.64. Why did Rebecca want to enter this year‘s writing contest?A) She believed she possessed real talent for writing. B) She was sure of winning with her mother‘s help.C) She wanted to share her stories with readers. D) She had won a prize in the previous contest.65. The author took great pains to refine her daughter‘s stories because___________.A) she believed she had the knowledge and experience to offer guidance.B) she did not want to disappoint Rebecca who needed her help so muchC) she wanted to help Rebecca realize her dream of becoming a writerD) she was afraid Rebecca‘s imagination might run wild while writing66.What‘s the author‘s advice for parents?TOP相关主题英语四级听力真题大学英语四级阅读理解英语四级真题及答案大学英语四级快速阅读大学英语四级听力真题大学英语四级考试阅读历年英语四级考试真题及答案历年英语四级考试真题及答案_生产/经营管理_经管营销_专业资料。{"c...英语四级CET4历年真题及答案英语四级CET4历年真题及答案_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区人阅读|次下载英语四级CET4历年真题及答案_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。2006-2009 年大学英语四级真题......历年英语四级考试真题及答案历年英语四级考试真题 及答案-CAL-FENGHAI-(2020YEAR-YICAI)_JINGBIAN 2007年6月英语四级真题及答案Section B 57. 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初审编辑:夏日星灼灼 二审编辑:夕夏温纯